Bridge - a part of the board that supports the strings and helps to transmit vibrations to other parts of the instrument that create resonance of ambient air and thus sound.
Catch - the distance of the string from the top of the 7th fret if we press it with our hands on the first and last playing field at the same time
Fret - fixed laterally on the neck, usually across the width. Metal tapes embedded in the fingerboard. The frets split the neck into parts that correspond to musical intervals, most often to halftones. One octave then corresponds to a distance of twelve frets. By pressing strings, the fingers between the frets are shortened to the wavy parts of the strings, thus making the playing tone change.
Neck - usually has a flat or slightly arched upper side with a so-called fingerboard over which strings are tensioned. It serves as a string support.
Numbering of frets
As the first fret, the first transverse stick is taken, but not the one that separates the head of the guitar from the fingerboard, that is called a zero slit. For better orientation on the fingerboard, some frets are marked with a dot or other symbol (more info in the fingerboard section):
- 3rd Fret (1 dot)
- 5th Fret (1 dot)
- 7th Fret (1 dot)
- 9th Fret (1 dot)
- 12th Fret (2 dots)
- 15th Fret (1 dot)
- 17th Fret (1 dot) (mostly only for electric guitars)
- 19th Fret (1 dot) (mostly only for electric guitars)
- 21th Fret (1 dot) (mostly only for electric guitars)
- 24th Fret (2 dots) (only for some electric guitars)
Soundboard - the top of the body of the tool, on which we find the bridge and the sound (resonant) hole. It has a major impact on the resulting sound quality of the guitar. According to a piece of wood, it is divided into massive, semi-solid and plywood.On the underside there are so-called ribs that affect the resonance properties.
Used source: Wikipedia